In addition to necessities of food, clothing, housing etc.,
man needs security in times of physical and economic distress
consequent upon sickness, disablement etc. The Employees'
State Insurance Scheme is an integrated measure of Social
Insurance embodied in the Employees' State Insurance Act and
is designed to accomplish the task of protecting 'employees'as
defined in the Employees' State Insurance Act against the
hazards of sickness, maternity, disablement and death due to
employment injury and to provide medical care to insured
persons and their families. The Scheme covers employees of
non-seasonal power-using factories employing 10 or more
persons. There is, however, a built-in provision for its extension
to other establishments or classes of establishments, industrial,
commercial, agricultural or otherwise. The Scheme has been
progressively extended to cover employees in non-power using
factories employing 20 or more persons and to commercial establishments.